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The Importance of Roots

by Stark Bro's on 06/04/2012
Image of Potted Tree's Dense Root System

Healthy roots are essential to your planting and growing success. In this article, we discuss the role roots play in a plant’s life, how to keep them healthy, and what to do to prevent and protect against potential problems.

Many of our berry plants, flowers, and other garden plants are grown in pots in our greenhouses. We maintain these plants at a certain height to avoid damage in shipping, but the dense root systems are the masterstroke — this is true of any plant or tree you want to have success growing.

We grow many of our potted trees using our exclusive Stark® EZ Start® System. This program utilizes a unique design: bottomless pots. As the roots grow out the bottom, the root system is naturally air pruned. The tap root is severed, and more new feeder roots are forced to grow within the container. This creates a dense mass of roots, allowing the trees to be transplanted and established more quickly and easily. Both potted and bare-root plants and trees rely on healthy root systems to grow well and become established in your yard.

Image of Roots in Stark® EZ Start® System  Image of a tree's Soilless Bare Root System

About Roots

Dormant, Bare-root, TreesRoots play an important role in a plant’s nutrient intake, similar to its leaves with photosynthesis — a system of converting light energy into food for your plant to feed on. While it is the leaves that enable this process, the roots help to bring soil nutrients through the vascular system of the plant and store nutrients during dormant periods.

When transplanting a new plant, many people forget about the roots and worry that a lack of top growth (the part that stays above the ground) means that the plant is too small or weak to survive. In fact, it’s just the opposite! Long elaborate leafy tops are not ideal for transplanting, since they require continued sustenance to grow. This puts additional stress on a new plant, because it needs to focus its energy on getting established at planting time. Even if top growth isn’t excessive, having a mass of strong, healthy roots will encourage a plant to put on more top growth once it becomes established in its new environment. That’s why we pre-prune our bare-root fruit trees before shipping them out to you. Read our article, Pre-Pruning Fruit Trees, (and watch the bonus video) for more information about the balance that comes from pre-pruning.

Common Root-Related Issues

Just as it is essential to understand the importance of healthy roots, it is also necessary to recognize symptoms of unhealthy roots. Roots transfer nutrients and water to the rest of the plant and, if there is an issue with the soil, you will usually notice a change in the top growth of your plant.

One sign of a potential problem is the yellowing of leaves — a decrease in the normal green color of leaves of plants can be caused by many root-related problems like a lack of soil nutrients, incorrect pH (blocks intake of necessary soil nutrients), over-watering, and more.

Even though roots are located under ground, they still require air to remain healthy and free of fungi and water molds. If a plant’s location does not drain properly, it will retain water and the roots will suffocate or be at risk of disease. There are ways to test the planting site (ideally prior to planting) like Digital Soil Meters so that any issues may be addressed. Amendments, like using Coco-Fiber Medium to enhance your soil, will help to avoid future root issues. Learn more about preventative measures to avoid planting in a location that retains water in our article, Plan Ahead for Rainy Weather.

VoleAnimal damage, like that caused by voles, can severely affect healthy root systems and prove fatal for any plants, even an established one. These animals feed on the root systems of plants, which causes what may appear to be water-stress, chlorosis, and other issues. They also tunnel around the root systems, causing additional damage or even leaving a plant loose in the ground. There are certain non-toxic repellents that act as irritants to help ward off damage-causing animals, like voles, rabbits, and deer and protect your plants as well as their roots.

Whether you’re planting something new or caring for an old favorite, don’t forget to keep the roots in mind. If they are healthy and properly cared for, you’ll have much more success when it comes time for your plant to bloom or bear.

Topics → Planting & Growing, Tips

8 comments on “The Importance of Roots

  1. Dennis Sons on said:

    Enjoying our berry plants we received from you.
    Dennis Sons
    http://www.tnnursery.net

  2. larry rizzo on said:

    hi Sarah,, and i also bought some strawberries,, i did buy them late in the season,, and i was a lot scared that it was too late to plant them,, but starks was willing to guarentee themm,, so my thought was if they thinkits ok,, why sould i worry,,well they cam in a few days,, i couldnt believe how fast they where delivered,,i got them right in the ground, they didnt look like much at the time,, but now they sre doing great, i was out there today picking off some of the flowers already, im really happy with Starks, i just wish i had done bussinesss with them sooner,, i bought a few different kinds, but all where june bearers,, im hoping to get more next yr for mid and late season,, we have a small farm and we sell a lot of produce,, and fruits are new to us,, but we are getting there,, thanks larry

    • Sarah on said:

      Oh thank you for sharing your experience, Larry! I hope your strawberries continue to thrive for you. :) We would love to see any pictures you happen to take as your strawberry plants grow and produce if you’d like to share them with us any time. You can link us to where they might be online, or send them to us at info@starkbros.com!

  3. rick on said:

    Just wanted to take a min. to tell you I am a true convert. After spending way to much time and money on trees from the big box stores with very little luck, I order some trees from Stark Bro’s. When they came I was not so impressed, I planted them and now after about three months, they are looking great! Still very small, still no where near as big as the older trees from the big box stores, but look healthier and are more colorful than the other trees ever have been.

    As I was watering them yesterday I could not help but notice how much they have came around in such a shot time. And I must say dealing with Star Bro’s could not have been easier. I have called them at least twice asking questions and they have been very helpful and nice.

    I have told several people I work with and my family all about my good luck with Star Bro’s and I know they have all checked out your web site.

    I have all ready steaked out spots for at least four more trees I hope to plant this fall and they will all be coming from Star Bro’s.

    Thank again;
    You guys rule!

    Rick

    • Sarah on said:

      Thank you for sharing your first-hand experience, Rick. Many home growers are hesitant to purchase through the mail, but it is our goal to make the experience a pleasant one, so I’m happy that yours was. Which trees do you have growing now and what do you hope to plant this fall? :)

  4. Paul Avery on said:

    “There are certain non-toxic repellents that act as irritants to help ward off damage-causing animals, like voles, rabbits, and deer and protect your plants as well as their roots.”

    Just wondering what you might recommend?

    • Sarah on said:

      We currently carry a Deer and Rabbit Repellent that is a mixture of things these critters find repulsive, so they tend to stay away. I know Bonide has some other non-toxic repellents (rather than poisons) if you are trying to ward off different animal-pests without killing them, and you can often find these at your local garden supply store.

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