Cornelian-Cherry Dogwood

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Description

Also called european cornel

A unique member of the dogwood family. Cornelian-Cherry is one of the earliest small trees to bloom in the spring. Its yellow flowers and arching branches add excellent ornamental interest to your landscape. Grows in partial shade. Flowers last from one to three weeks, followed by edible red elongated fruits. Fruit is similar to a tart cherry and is suitable for jellies, preserves, and making wine. Cold-hardy. Ripens in late summer. Seedling. For proper pollination, plant two or more of the same variety. (Cornus mas)

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Characteristics

Bloom Color Yellow
Fruit Color Red
Fruit Size Small - Medium
Ripens/Harvest August
Shade/Sun Partial Shade - Full Sun
Soil Composition Loamy
Soil Moisture Well Drained
Soil pH Level 5.5 - 6.5
Taste Tart, Juicy
Texture Firm
Years to Bear 3 - 4
Zone Range 4 - 8

Zone Compatibility

This Variety's Zone Range 4 - 8
My Hardiness Zone ?
The USDA hardiness zones offer a guide to varieties that will grow well in certain climates. Each zone corresponds to the minimum winter temperatures experienced in a given area. Make sure that your hardiness zone lies within the zone compatability range of this variety before ordering.

Size & Spacing

Mature Size

When your tree matures, it will be approximately 15 - 25' tall x 12 - 18' wide.

Recommended Spacing

We recommend spacing these trees 20 - 25' apart to ensure room for growth.

Pollination

This variety requires another one for adequate pollination.

Cross-pollination by a different variety is key to its growing and bearing success. Plant one of these varieties within 50' for best pollination.

Tools & Supplies

Having the proper tools and supplies when growing your own can make the difference between a good harvest and a great harvest! Here's a list that our experts recommend for this variety.

Planting & Care

Learn all about how to grow dogwood trees in The Growing Guide. An entire section of our website dedicated to your growing success.

Shipping Information

Estimated Delivery Date

This item is currently out of stock.

Arrives when it's time to plant

Your success is our priority. We work hard to make sure that your order arrives at the ideal time for planting in your location based on your local climate conditions.

Tags

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Questions & Answers

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Browse 18 questions Browse 18 questions and 64 answers
Why did you choose this?
Stark Bro's Store
Earliest fruit. Dogwoods are pretty. Something different.
K W on May 6, 2021
Exciting fruit tree
Breanna W on Apr 26, 2021
Earliest fruit. Dogwoods are pretty. Something different.
K W on May 6, 2021
Been wanting to plant them myself for a long time. Finally was able to find them, but sending to younger niece. I'm old and might not live to see the fruit here.
John C on May 5, 2021
Exciting fruit tree
Breanna W on Apr 26, 2021
Mother???s Day sale
Uriel C on Apr 13, 2021
I have a backyard with Non-native plant inspiration on one side and native Midwest U.S. plants on the other. This Cornus species will be on the non-native side to mirror a Cornus florida.
Tracy F on Jan 18, 2021
I liked the usefulness of the fruiting tree in a part-shady location.
Karen J on Jan 17, 2021
Early bloomer that is beneficial to honey bees.
CARIN A on Apr 5, 2019
These very popular trees have lots of fruit and grow great.
Suzanne K on Mar 26, 2019
We have some of these already producing on our land and wanted more
Dan H on Mar 17, 2019
I'm from Albania and I think this is very similar to European cornelian berry.Is my favorite wild fruit tree because has a lot of antioxidants.
Ali Z on Mar 6, 2019
I enjoy the fruits and the plant is beautiful, particularly in spring and summer. Birds love the fruits as well.
Shahriar S on Jan 27, 2019
For the red blossoms.
Dale H on May 18, 2018
Disease resistance and hardiness
LISA M on Mar 12, 2017
I bought this for the flowers, heat tolerance, shade tolerance, acidic soil tolerance (there are a lot of pine trees in the "pineywoods region" of Texas). Also I can work it into a decorative type landscape and either eat the fruit or leave it for the wildlife.
JESSICA M on Feb 14, 2017
In Lee Reich's book "Landscaping with Fruit", he states that Cornelian cherry trees are one of the finest ornamentals.
TRACEY L on Feb 6, 2017
We just purchased a new house and need some trees in the yard. The edible fruit is appealing and having two we can use them as focal points in the yard.
Raylene W on Jan 7, 2017
Because they are supposed to be good for you.
Delilah Z on Jun 17, 2016
Dogwoods grow very well here in Louisiana and I thought that by having some that gave fruit too would be a great bonus. Also, I received these bare root Dogwood trees 3 day ago and, they are already budding out leaves.
Albert D on May 30, 2016
I chose this tree because of the flowers it bears in the spring and the ease of growing.
Ann P on Apr 15, 2016
Sounds like grows well in Colorado and wanted a small tree to provide some shade for my garden. Sounds very prunable also.
Cathy R on Feb 27, 2016
I want to line my driveway with dogwood trees but cornus Florida doesn't do here because of the brown spot. I'm hoping these will and I like to feed the birds
Patricia G on Feb 27, 2016
Been wanting to plant them myself for a long time. Finally was able to find them, but sending to younger niece. I'm old and might not live to see the fruit here.
John C on May 5, 2021
Mother???s Day sale
Uriel C on Apr 13, 2021
What variety of cornelian cherry is this?
kellilou3 on Mar 22, 2016
BEST ANSWER: It's the original fruiting variety of Cornas mas called "Cornelian-Cherry Dogwood".
If I buy a quantity of 2, will that be enough for cross-pollination? Or do I need to buy a different variety of dogwood for cross-pollination?
Arc S on Apr 8, 2018
BEST ANSWER: These are seedlings, so you can simply plant two of these for cross-pollination.
Is it a bush or tree?
Linda B on Jun 6, 2016
BEST ANSWER: Because it branches very low to the ground one might say it is a very large
bush; but I would call it a small tree. One of mine is about 18 feet tall and
is about 25 years old.
Are cornelian cherry resistant to black knot? That is what killed my montmorencies.
Barb G on Mar 23, 2016
BEST ANSWER: I totally don't know. Sorry. Cornelian cherries are in the dogwood family so I suppose if dogwoods are resistant to black knot then the Cornelian cherries would be too. I do think dogwoods are resistant to black knot but certainly not the prunus family that the cherry tree is in. I have three Cornelians here and they have not done well at all. I am in Tennessee. I think these Cornelian cherries need a somewhat cooler region. I've seen them grown well at the Chicago Botanical Gardens and they were loaded with fruit. So if you want good fruit you might check into these a bit more depending on where you are located. Good luck.
Is this tree a native?
Daphne S on Jun 7, 2016
BEST ANSWER: My understanding is that it came from Siberia, Russia. Siberia is very cold in the winter so I planted it here in MN. I got it last year and it is growing, but no blossoms, yet. It may take a few years since the trees were so small when I got them. It is supposed to be high in antioxidants. I planted two for pollination.
Do rabbits like to chew on these? Wondering if I need to put a cage around them.
Steven S on Jan 16, 2017
BEST ANSWER: I don't think rabbits are a problem, but young deer will sample the twigs of very young trees. After the first time or two they leave them alone. If you don't want a lot of branching, I would cage them, As for the drupes, birds and squirrels strip the tree in no time!
does this tree have aggressive root systems?
Jeannine V on Aug 26, 2019
BEST ANSWER: Don???t think it does. It???s growth is like regular dogwoods; and they grow no more taller than large bushes. And as a general rule, the root system of trees is similar in size to the top.
Are these cornelian cherry dogwoods deer resistant?
Mary L on Apr 18, 2016
BEST ANSWER: As far as I can tell, nothing is ever 'deer proof'. When deer are hungry, they eat anything they can find. However, they do tend to go at my apple, pear and cherry tree's long before they have interest in my dogwoods. Deep do not care for Quince leaves much, but even those become feed when food is scarce in dry summers.
How resistant are these to dogwood anthracnose?
Steven S on Jan 16, 2017
BEST ANSWER: Not very according to a few websites I found. I'd include the web addresses bur just google but but cannot do that here, so just Google anthracnose resistance of cornelian cherries.
Kousa dogwoods and their hybrids with native American flowering dogwoods are quite resistant.

Keep in mind that anything planted in a less than optimal location is going to be stressed and more susceptible to disease. American dogwoods are understory trees which grow well in shaded and partially shades locations, have shallow root systems, and require high humus acidic soil, 2-3" of mulch as wide as the branch spread, and lots of water. Plant it in full sun, in high clay soil, with minimal mulch, and in a dry climate with long, hot summers and it won't do well.
My cornelian cherry is planted in central Indiana with a northwest exposure and is doing OK. so far.

Keep in mind cornelian cherries need a lot of pruning if you want a single trunk tree. They tend to be shrubby otherwise. I'm told for commercial use for the fruit, they are grown in hedgerows for ease of mechanical harvesting.
why not North American Native species?
Deb S on Apr 24, 2021
BEST ANSWER: Hi Deb, I do not understand your question. Please send us an email to info@starkbros.com or contact our customer support team at 800.325.4180.
This says another variety for cross pollination. What is another variety that is compatible?
Cindy T on Apr 16, 2021
BEST ANSWER: For proper pollination, plant two or more of the same variety of the Cornelian-Cherry Dogwood.
Do you have 2 Cornus mas available for spring planting? I live in NYS along Lake Ontario
Maria E on Mar 2, 2021
BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. Currently it is showing available but stock is limited so be sure to order soon.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!
I have a hardy almond I got from you I get Almond green husks and lots of them and even the shells but no Almond nut it self I was told by you to use bonnide citrus fruit and nut orchand spray and I even painted the lower trunk. but still no Almonds then I realized a small brown worm in the almonds tho I never see any moths on the tree maybe you could sell me some thing that will kill the worms in side the shell that eats the nut. My Email is thank you yes ??
Rick H on Feb 6, 2021
BEST ANSWER: Navel Orangeworms
Caterpillar is ?? inch long, reddish orange to yellow. Adult moths have irregular, silver gray and black forewings and legs, snout like at front of the head. Eggs are white at first and later orange before hatching. Larvae are reddish orange then vary from milky white to pink. Pupae are light to dark brown. Larvae bore into nutmeat and later consume most of the nut. Producing large amounts of webbing and a fine powdery residue. Over winter in mummy nuts in tree or on the ground.
Natural Control

Bonide?? Captain Jack???s??? Deadbug Brew
Removal of unharvest nuts.
Chemical Control

Bonide?? Borer-Miner Killer
Bonide?? Total Pest Control
for cornelian cherry dogwood do I need two of the same plant for cross pollination ?
Nancy M on Jan 31, 2021
BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. For proper pollination, plant two or more of the same variety

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!
Will this cross pollinate with a Northwest native bitter cherry?
Barbara H on Jan 24, 2021
BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. Unfortunately I do not have any information on pollination of the Northeast Native bitter cherry as we do not specialize in this. The Cornelian Cherry requires another tree of same variety for pollination according to our information.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!
do I need to soak my asparagus roots before planting them?
Lydia K on Jun 13, 2019
BEST ANSWER: It's a good idea to soak them in warm water for an hour or two prior to planting, yes.
What cultivar is this? trying to find a different cultivar for pollination
KAMRAN H on Mar 14, 2019
BEST ANSWER: This is one of the those cases when you don't need a different variety; just plant two Cornelians.

Customer Reviews

3.9 / 5.0
23 Reviews
5 Stars
4 Stars
3 Stars
2 Stars
1 Star
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8
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4
Still Waiting for Fruit
We planted our first Cornelian Cherry Dogwood bushes over six years ago. The bushes have grown slowly for us; perhaps they are not completely happy with their location. They are now above six feet and every spring they are covered with yellow, fluffy flowers. The leaves and overall shape of the bushes are attractive and the bushes require very little care. They are one of the earliest blooming plants in our yard every spring, even before the forsythia.

I have found conflicting information about pollination on-line. Some sites say that the plant is self-pollinating, but it needs time to mature before it will create female flowers; some sites say the bushes need a partner to pollinate. We decided that the lack of fruit might be caused by the distance between the bushes, so last year we ordered two more bushes and planted them within ten feet of our existing bushes. The two youngest bushes have not bloomed yet, so we are still waiting for the fruit.
May 11, 2016
Purchased
over 6 years ago
CornelianCherry Dogwood
Delivered on time In April. But It came only as a single branch and few not opened buds, No developed roots at all. Practically it had no choice to survive.
I used all possible means to grow it (dug 10 by 10 hole and put new soil, used fertilizers and plant food, water it though summer time), but finally branch succumbed in October. Possible need clear instructions how to grow a root system or must be delivered ready to plant.
May 14, 2016
Purchased
over 6 years ago
I am a happy customer.
We got this dogwood 2 years ago - it did not survived the winter. Its still was covered under the warranty. Got replacement last year - it wintered and now have pretty green leafs. Recently ordered one more. Thank you. Very good customer service.
May 5, 2016
Purchased
over 5 years ago
Pretty, but . . .
Pretty, it bears fruit, it withstands our fairly harsh windy climate. We don't love the fruit, but the real downside is that it broke into cheerful bloom during a winter heat wave, a freeze followed. Zero flowers, zero fruit this year. Maybe not ideal for our Zone 6 world or climate weirdness.
May 2, 2017
Purchased
over 5 years ago
Cornelian Cherry Dogwood, Not in Zone 7
Apparently Cornelian Cherry Dogwoods will not tolerate Zone 7, despite my amending the soil and keeping them watered. They all quickly died!
May 22, 2016
Purchased
over 6 years ago
Cherry dogwood
I received 3 of these. Only1 survived. You take your chances.
May 9, 2016
Purchased
over 6 years ago
Dried out sticks
Nearly root-less dried sticks; no sprouting at all last year and completely dead by winter. Since I have a dozen other dogwoods growing beautifully, I don't think it was the conditions here, but rather the poor material shipped to me.
May 16, 2016
Purchased
over 6 years ago
Good quality plants, but needs a pollinators.
I ordered 5 plants 3 years ago. All survived and continue to thrive. I'm in USDA Zone 5a, heavy clay soils. I planted using a post hole digger to bore a 4" diameter by 3' deep hole, which was filled with compost, in hope of encouraging deep rooting in the first year (these are notorious for transplant shock). That seemed to work.

I recently trimmed these down to 6' (they reached roughly 10' after 3 years). Faster growing than expected but most of the growth was in their second year.

I was hoping the Native dogwood would pollinate these, but the bloom times are too far apart. They are technically self-fruitful, but I got one berry last year from thousands of flowers (they're planted as a wind break for my beehives so pollinating insects were extremely abundant).

I strongly recommend ordering a second variety to improve pollination. Unfortunately the "recommended pollinator" on this page links back to... This same page. So apparently Stark Bros only carries one cultivar. This is a good one, and the plants were very good quality for mail ordered bare root plants, so I would recommend making this one of your selections. But you will need to look elsewhere for a second cultivar.

If they add a second cultivar to their list, I'll buy it and update my review. 4 stars, would be 5 except the self-fruitful nature may be overstated a bit. Had I known, I would have sourced another cultivar years ago.
May 24, 2019
love this tree. a stunner
love this tree. a stunner. highly recommend. birds and kids love it.
May 3, 2017
Purchased
over 5 years ago
Cornelian Cherry
Having this shrub (three of them) for two years I am pleased with its performance. Each shrub is now about 2-3 feet tall and all three leafed out this spring with no problems. I have not seen any blooms so perhaps the shrubs need to be larger. I have read where it may be too hot in my zone (Zone 7A) to get much bloom or cherries but I am optimistic that with time I'll have both. So far the deer have not eaten any of this shrub. Knock on wood. Looking forward to good things from these.
May 10, 2016
Purchased
over 6 years ago