Protandrous Type I

The most-planted pecan in North America! This hearty variety bears large, full-kernel pecans 2-3 weeks ahead of most other pecan varieties. Heavy producer. Originates from Brownwood, Texas in 1963 and introduced in 1984. Heat-tolerant. Ripens in mid to late October. Grafted. Best pollinators: Kanza or Lakota.

125% Survival Guarantee!

Since 1816, Stark Bro’s has promised to provide customers with the very best fruit trees and plants. It’s just that simple. If your trees or plants do not survive, please let us know within one year of delivery. We will issue a one-time merchandise credit to your account equaling 125% of the original product purchase price. Read more about our warranty policy.


Bloom Color Green
Distance To Pollinator 75 - 250'
Fruit Color Brown
Fruit Size Large
Ripens/Harvest October
Shade/Sun Full Sun
Soil Composition Loamy
Soil Moisture Well Drained
Soil pH Level 6.0 - 6.5
Taste Excellent Flavor
Texture Firm With Good Oil
Years to Bear 5 - 7
Zone Range 6 - 9

Zone Compatibility

This Variety's Zone Range 6 - 9
My Hardiness Zone ?
The USDA hardiness zones offer a guide to varieties that will grow well in certain climates. Each zone corresponds to the minimum winter temperatures experienced in a given area. Make sure that your hardiness zone lies within the zone compatability range of this variety before ordering.

Size & Spacing

Mature Size

When your tree matures, it will be approximately 75 - 100' tall x 75 - 100' wide.

Recommended Spacing

We recommend spacing these trees 75 - 100' apart to ensure room for growth.


This variety requires another one for adequate pollination.

Cross-pollination by a different variety is key to its growing and bearing success. Plant one of these varieties within 75 - 250' for best pollination.

Tools & Supplies

Having the proper tools and supplies when growing your own can make the difference between a good harvest and a great harvest! Here's a list that our experts recommend for this variety.

Planting & Care

Learn all about how to grow pecan trees in The Growing Guide. An entire section of our website dedicated to your growing success.

Shipping Information

Arrives when it's time to plant

Your success is our priority. We work hard to make sure that your order arrives at the ideal time for planting in your location based on your local climate conditions.


We've 'tagged' this item with specific keywords that help you find other products that share features or characteristics with this one. Select a tag below to view all the items that have that particular trait.

Questions & Answers

Start typing your question and we'll check if it was already asked and answered. Learn More
Browse 27 questions Browse 27 questions and 77 answers
Why did you choose this?
Stark Bro's Store
Gotta try nuts!!! My first nut tree in Central Florida. Let's see what happens.
M Lynne S on Apr 1, 2021
Have one.
Shannon N on Mar 11, 2021
Gotta try nuts!!! My first nut tree in Central Florida. Let's see what happens.
M Lynne S on Apr 1, 2021
I am trying this Pecan trees, my wife loves pecans and so this is for her.
Albinus D on Mar 15, 2021
Have one.
Shannon N on Mar 11, 2021
Variety in my zone
Rebecca B on Mar 5, 2021
because you did not have desirable pecan
matisha t on Feb 21, 2021
I love pecans, and wanted to have two. Maybe they will produce before I leave to the kingdom above.
Ron on Jan 24, 2021
Large nut size, heavy producer, heat-tolerant, and the m oat-planted pecan in North America. There must be good reason for that!
Margo S on Jan 19, 2021
This is considered hardy for the climate
Carol M on Nov 21, 2020
say its good in northern climates
Bud J on Nov 18, 2020
Large nut size , pollinates kansa and lakota. Won???t scab much if planted in a windy area.
Brian O on Oct 31, 2020
Great reviews
Debbie B on Oct 31, 2020
It is a Stark variety I don't have
SHERWOOD S on Oct 19, 2020
Description and price.
Lynne J on Oct 2, 2020
A great "Type 1" papershell pecan tree.
Eric M on Jun 22, 2020
I have lousy luck with pecan trees and didn't want to risk another high dollar tree.
Chuch on Jun 22, 2020
I have 2 Elliot pecan trees and needed a pollinator for them
susan g on Jun 18, 2020
Perfect size for my zone.
Katherine M on Jun 18, 2020
pollinates with kanza
Dean E on May 29, 2020
Was told by Agriculture agent that this is the one to grow in Arkansas (NW).
Gregory L on May 19, 2020
I bought 2 protandous pecan trees from Tractor Supply. I bought 2 protogenous pecans from Stark Bro. The tractor supply trees never leafed. So, I bought a pollinator from Stark Bro.
glenna d on May 16, 2020
Trying to grow pecans this far north
Charles M on Apr 12, 2020
Recommended by local pecan farmer
mark m on Feb 2, 2020
I have 3 type 2 pecan trees. I need this type 1 to mate with them.
Joseph C on Jan 23, 2020
I have them in the grove now and they are growing great and have had no problems with them at all.
Bruce V on Oct 30, 2019
This pecan tree is supposed to be a good pollinator for the Lakota and also have good oil content.
Heidi W on Oct 16, 2019
Just browsing and this caught my eye so I'll give it a shot.
Meleia G on Oct 8, 2019
Has excellent taste
Philip J on Jul 15, 2019
This was chosen to pollinate a type 2 tree and for the properties listed.
Janet C on Jul 4, 2019
They taste great!
Peter H on Jun 21, 2019
should grow well in my area
doyle w on May 8, 2019
hardy in zone - gets hot (100) & cold (0 degrees) here
Peter R on Apr 26, 2019
I like the idea that they are a smaller tree.
Bob H on Apr 8, 2019
Recommended for my area
Richard G on Apr 6, 2019
To pollinate my two Elliott pecan. Trees
I ordered a lot from Stark brothers when I lived in Florida. Very good company.
Brenda V on Mar 30, 2019
To pollinate Elliott pecan trees
Elmer G on Mar 28, 2019
I have a Lakota & Pawnee already. This is a popular selection but it also is a pollinators for the SureCrop Pecan which I purchasing as a partner tree.
Ron O on Mar 14, 2019
A widely planted variety and a good pollinator.
EDWARD S on Mar 13, 2019
Fast grower
Ernest P on Mar 5, 2019
Being from Louisiana, we had these pecan trees everywhere. These pecans are great to crack right out of the shell and eating, to making pecan pies. When making banana nut bread, we like to use these pecans instead of almonds! The wood/limbs make excellent firewood for smoking meats. Full of rich flavor!
Travis L on Feb 8, 2019
Needed for pollinator
Albert C on Jan 24, 2019
popularity and region
Sandy C on Dec 19, 2018
It was the most planted pecan and very hardy and disease-resistant. It also provides expansive shade, yields full large crops, and begins producing pecans earlier than most. The pecans ripen in mid-September on a tree that will grow from 75 to 100 feet tall.
Mary F on Sep 30, 2018
Pawnee trees are easy to grow, taste good, make great fast growing shade trees that produce large nuts
LEONARD P on Sep 21, 2017
It is compatible with Kanza and Elliot for pollination of all three.
Lake G on Apr 1, 2017
I chose this brand for the flavor
john j on Oct 7, 2016
Was told by local grower that this variety coupled with Kanza was the only two he would plant. (Central/Southern Illinois)
Jerry B on Sep 27, 2016
hardiness and earlier maturity
Diane T on May 2, 2016
It is one of the varieties recommended by the County Extension office for North Carolina. Also, it was available in a larger size.
C Rene F on Apr 27, 2016
I am trying this Pecan trees, my wife loves pecans and so this is for her.
Albinus D on Mar 15, 2021
Variety in my zone
Rebecca B on Mar 5, 2021
Which varieties are Type1 and which are Type2? What else will polinate a Pawnee, other than kanza and Lakota?
doug h on May 28, 2016
BEST ANSWER: While Type I and Type II are important variables, you also have to consider overlap in bloom times, which is why we recommend either Kanza (Type II) or Lakota (Type II) for compatibility with Pawnee (Type I); however, Colby (Type II) could work and Starking Southern Giant (Type II) could work.
In other places, I've seen the pawnee pecan listed as a dwarf (growing to 30ft or so at maturity), but I see them here listed as having a mature height of 70-100ft. Do you know why I'm seeing such a discrepancy across sources? Can you confirm the mature height of this variety?
Jenn R. on Feb 24, 2020
BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. Pecan trees are naturally large trees that can grow up to 100 feet tall. While other sources do state that this is a smaller than usual pecan tree, Stark Bro's does not have any data to support their claims.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!
I live in the Missouri Ozarks and the PH is normally around 7 and the trees for this area PH is recommended to be 6.0- 6.5. What are the recommendations?
BillB on May 11, 2016
BEST ANSWER: You can either try acidifying your soil with garden sulfur to bring the pH into the 6.0-6.5 range, or just plant the tree. Pecan trees don't seem to be terribly picky around here, because they grow well with a soil pH in the 6.0-7.0 range.
I have a Zinner Pecan Tree and live in West Tennessee. Is the Pawnee a good pollinator choice?
Cole A on Jul 1, 2017
BEST ANSWER: It certainly is. Lucky you, Zinner produces great pecans!
I have 3 stuart pecan trees they are about 10 years old they are blooming in the spring but i have no pollinator.I have been looking to buy a pawnee and probably a lakota for pollinators. (my question) is their a possibility that i could graft pollinators onto the existing trees.?.
sharecropper on Jan 13, 2020
How often do nuts form?
Myrtolyn E on Apr 28, 2018
BEST ANSWER: If the tres are mature in size every other year. My trees are still small so it could be another 3 to 5 years
Are pawnee pecan trees shipped potted or bare root?
Scott G on Mar 19, 2019
BEST ANSWER: These are shipped in a 4x4x10" EZ Start?? pot with an advanced root system.
What is the host tree that your Pawnee and Lakota Pecan trees are grafted into?
Keith E on May 2, 2020
How do pecans do in done 7 (East TN)?
William J on May 16, 2017
BEST ANSWER: I ordered my Pawnee pecans and this fall (2017) will be 2 years since they have been planted. They are growing good. We live in Crossville on the plateau and they are full of leaves. They aren't old enough to produce yet but they are alive and growing.
Can you manually pollinate this tree ?
Swany on Oct 13, 2019
BEST ANSWER: Hi Patrick, When your this tree matures, it will be approximately 75 - 100' tall x 75 - 100' wide. It will be almost impossible to manually pollinate this tree. We suggest planting along with a Kanza or Lakota. If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us, remember that we're here for you. Have a great day!
Recommended Fertilizer for New Pecan Trees?
Earl M on Sep 24, 2019
BEST ANSWER: Earl I planted mine with compost, having said that water is the most importaint
thing. Everyday I filled a five gallon bucket with a nail hole in the bottom the first year before frost.. Pecan trees need a lot of water.
Can one really grow pecan trees that produce nuts in Western Washington?
Michael C on Apr 7, 2021
BEST ANSWER: I learned that Western Washington lacks necessary heat to ripen pecans but, they can ripen in the warmest regions of Eastern Washington. I hope this information is helpful.
Do you have to have a different variety for pollination or will 2 or more of the same tree work?
Linda H on Feb 26, 2021
BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. This is a type 1 tree and therefore will need a type 2 for pollination Best pollinators: Kanza or Lakota.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!
I have ordered 3 more Pecan trees. Last order 1 died. I have reported it to you and you said I will get it when it's time to plant. Will I get it with this order?
JR roller on Nov 1, 2020
BEST ANSWER: This is a Q&A forum for product questions: I'm sorry, but we don't have access to orders and customer information here. If you would kindly call Customer Support at 800.325.4180, email or visit and start a chat, they will be able to address your issue.
What pecan tree varieties are disease resistant?
Megan F on Oct 3, 2020
BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. The disease resistant varieties include the Kanza, Lakota and the Southern Giant.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!
What do the blooms look like on pecan trees?
Donna O on May 31, 2020
BEST ANSWER: Male flowers bloom first then the female flower blooms.The male flower has a catkiin that looks like a tassel. The female flower is star shaped at the end of the buds. The male blooms first then the female blooms. This is the reason you need two trees. They should bloom from April to June
Are you ever getting Kanza or Lakota Pecan trees back in stock? I bought a Pawnee from you hoping to get either of these varieties for pollination when you restocked. But it???s been quite awhile they are out of stock
Suzzanne P on May 19, 2020
BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. We do not have a guaranteed ETA on when more will become available. We are very sorry for this inconvenience and completely understand your disappointment. Rest assured, that if you sign up for a notification, you'll be one of the first to be notified when it becomes available again.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us, remember that we're here for you. Have a great day!

I'm looking for larger trees. What can you offer in your largest/tallest tree?
Lin A on Jan 30, 2020
BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. Our grafted EZ Start?? pecan trees ship 1' 6" - 3' tall with advanced root system in a 4x4x10" pot. This is the largest size tree we have available.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!
How large are the trees?
Kirby A on Dec 4, 2019
BEST ANSWER: We appreciate you reaching out to us. These trees are grown and shipped in our Stark EZ Start pot. They are approx 1.5' - 3' tall when shipped.

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!
I have a grown Stuart pecan tree. What variety do I need to pollinate it in area 61455?
Bill W on Sep 7, 2019
BEST ANSWER: Your zip code does not matter as regards pollination; it's the bloom time of the pollinating variety and the pollen shed. Pawnee is an ideal pollinator for Stuart.
We live in Salt Lake City and are interested in the Pawnee Pecan. What other pecan will grow in this region and will pollinate with the Pawnee?
Dennis on Nov 4, 2018
BEST ANSWER: If you type your zip code into the box in the "Zone Compability" section above, a checkmark will appear if the product on this page will grow well in your location. The proper pollinators will be shown for whichever variety you may be looking at that's compatible with your zone.
What are the full scientific names of the Pawnee and Southern Giant pecan trees? I'm making signs and want them to be labelled correctly.
T D on Oct 17, 2018
BEST ANSWER: The Pawnee: Carya illinoinensis 'Pawnee" and the Southern Giant: Carya illinoinensis 'Southern Giant'
Would this be an adequate pollinator for Southern Giant pecans?
Vickie on Jun 11, 2018
BEST ANSWER: Pawnee is Protandrous Type I; Southern Giant is Protogynous Type II. Cross-pollinating these two types will give you an abundance of nuts.
Have several Pawnees 20 years old ... low production of nuts?
THOMAS P on May 29, 2018
BEST ANSWER: The culprit is very likely a zinc deficientcy. Many customers have used this with great success: // Rather than trying to dissolve it, most people just sprinkle the recommended amount about 3' out from the trunk out to the dripline, and then let Mother Nature rain it in.
what is the initial fungicide(s) treatment for scab?
s k on Mar 11, 2017
BEST ANSWER: This is the best product we know of for pecan scab: // Please follow the label directions.
Kanza and Lakota are not available this year for pollinating a Pawnee. Will they be available next year? Can I order now for next year?
Bob Y on Mar 26, 2020

Customer Reviews

4.5 / 5.0
20 Reviews
5 Stars
4 Stars
3 Stars
2 Stars
1 Star
pleasant surprise
I planted this tree in spring 2016 in NW OH. The tree grew 14" the first year. The tree survived the winter well and has really started growing this spring and produced catkins. It has grown 14" already by may 2017.
May 22, 2017
over 5 years ago
I thought it was a twig.
when I got my pecan tree I bought it as a pollinator so I wasn't very specific as to the quality of it. It came like a twig. my husband and I just sat and laughed and said this is the first time Stark Brothers sent us a dud. We stand corrected. That little twig may not be a good pollinator for a couple years but it is full of leaves and its trunk is getting thick. Thanks again start Brothers you always come to our rescue.
May 9, 2019
over 2 years ago
Pawnee Pecan doing well in Middle Tennessee
I had trouble getting pecan trees started here in Middle TN. But my Pawnee Pecan has really taken off. My Stark Bros. Surecrop and my Hardy Giant are doing great this year too! So if these three continue on this path, I will have pecans for sure in a few years. Very happy!
May 20, 2017
over 4 years ago
Pawnee Pecan
It is only 2 years old so too young to bear, but it is growing beautifully.
August 4, 2016
over 6 years ago
Stark Pawnee Pecan growth habit
Like most all other plants ordered and received from Stark Bros, to date this Pawnee pecan has adapted to our farm site quite well. We attempt to follow any and all instructions received from our local County Extension office (Auburn University) regarding how and when to fertilize, prune and spray which seems to help tremendously.
June 30, 2017
over 5 years ago
Pawnee pecan tree
The Pawnee Pecan tree arrived in good shape, good root system. It was doing very well even though planting was a bit delayed. However, we did not fully protect it with caging and deer ate every leaf off. It survived and hung on putting out smaller leaves. This spring it didn't look too hopeful but it has come back on one stem with a few leaves. It is tenacious. We hope it continues to grow. Diane T West Central Indiana
May 18, 2017
over 4 years ago
Very pleased
Ulnike the bare root Wallnut tress; these trees grew well immediately and are still growing vigorously.
June 6, 2017
over 4 years ago
Our tree
Nice tree doing very well..I recommend...have to keep watered. Hopefully will produce some nice pecans when mature.
May 10, 2017
over 5 years ago
I am glad I planted this one. I think it is doing well and leaves or nice color and abundant.
May 17, 2017
over 5 years ago
Great stock
Planted right after delivery. Leafed out out in about a week. Trees look healthy. Some of the better pecan trees stock I have purchased.
May 6, 2017
over 5 years ago