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Won’t turn brown! This productive tree bears gorgeous ruby red apples with a snowy center that won’t brown in salads. Also perfect for pies and cider. Originates from Geneva, New York in 1898. Cold-hardy. Ripens in mid-September. Best organic pollinators: Cameron Select™ Honeycrisp or Whitney Crabapple. Best non-organic pollinators: Stark® BraeStar™, Stark® Lodi or Starkspur® UltraMac™. A licensed variety of Cornell University.


Bloom Color White
Bloom Time Early - Mid
Fruit Color Red
Fruit Size Large
Ripens/Harvest Mid-september
Shade/Sun Full Sun
Soil Composition Loamy
Soil Moisture Well Drained
Soil pH Level 6.0 - 7.0
Taste Tart
Texture Crisp
Years to Bear 2 - 5
Zone Range 4 - 6

Zone Compatibility

This Variety's Zone Range 4 - 6
My Hardiness Zone ?
The USDA hardiness zones offer a guide to varieties that will grow well in certain climates. Each zone corresponds to the minimum winter temperatures experienced in a given area. Make sure that your hardiness zone lies within the zone compatability range of this variety before ordering.

Size & Spacing

Mature Size

When your tree matures, it will be approximately 12 - 15' tall x 12 - 15' wide.

Recommended Spacing

We recommend spacing these trees 12 - 15' apart to ensure room for growth.


This variety requires another one for adequate pollination.

Cross-pollination by a different variety is key to its growing and bearing success. Plant one of these varieties within 50' for best pollination.

Related Assortments

This item is also available in these money saving assortments.

We bundle many of our popular products in assortments with other items that compliment each other. Plus, when you purchase an assortment, you save money compared to buying each item individually!

Tools & Supplies

Having the proper tools and supplies when growing your own can make the difference between a good harvest and a great harvest! Here's a list that our experts recommend for this variety.

Planting & Care

Learn all about how to grow apple trees in The Growing Guide. An entire section of our website dedicated to your growing success.

Shipping Information

Estimated Delivery Date

Arrives when it's time to plant

Your success is our priority. We work hard to make sure that your order arrives at the ideal time for planting in your location based on your local climate conditions.

Our Promise of Satisfaction

1 Year Warranty

Every order comes with our promise of satisfaction. If you aren't completely satisfied with your order, let us know within one year for a free one-time replacement or refund.


We've 'tagged' this item with specific keywords that help you find other products that share features or characteristics with this one. Select a tag below to view all the items that have that particular trait.

Questions & Answers

Start typing your question and we'll check if it was already asked and answered. Learn More
Browse 21 questions Browse 21 questions and 85 answers
Why did you choose this?
Stark Bro's Store
Pollinator for our other varieties
Rob F on Mar 26, 2020
Lived all my life in PA and now live in MT. Cortland is the best ever and we had plenty of them in PA. Montana not so much. So now we???re going to have some, hopefully. Best baking and eating apple ever. So white and crisp. Love love!!!!
Ray T on Mar 25, 2020
Pollinator for our other varieties
Rob F on Mar 26, 2020
Pollinator for Cameron Select Honeycrisp. Good characteristics
Christine F on Mar 26, 2020
Lived all my life in PA and now live in MT. Cortland is the best ever and we had plenty of them in PA. Montana not so much. So now we???re going to have some, hopefully. Best baking and eating apple ever. So white and crisp. Love love!!!!
Ray T on Mar 25, 2020
My husband's favorite
Sarah P on Mar 24, 2020
Best apple ever
Edward K on Mar 23, 2020
Jessie H on Mar 22, 2020
zone 4 and I have a friend with some Cortlands who says they are good for here.
Karl K on Mar 21, 2020
A good one to add to my others
Lissa G on Mar 21, 2020
Best apple I ever tasted came from our crop of one Cartland apple before our orchard burned...
Kristen M. on Mar 21, 2020
good reveieww
paul c on Mar 18, 2020
Need a pollinator
Farrol B on Mar 14, 2020
Tastes good
Logan M on Mar 8, 2020
love the flavor
jeff m on Mar 8, 2020
old variety, pollinator
Susanne C on Mar 7, 2020
Bruce M on Mar 7, 2020
Heat C on Mar 4, 2020
Stark recommended this apple as a pollinator.
Nell B on Feb 26, 2020
Need this type to pollinate the Lodi and apple sounds interesting. I am curious to try it.
Rick W on Feb 22, 2020
Pollinator for Pippen.
John S on Feb 21, 2020
THEODORE F on Feb 16, 2020
like making pies
PETER G on Feb 12, 2020
My second-favorite apple, after Empire.
Josie on Feb 1, 2020
Alan U on Jan 22, 2020
sounded like it would be good, also pollinator for the Liberty
Carmen B on Jan 16, 2020
heirloom apple
MARY C on Jan 11, 2020
Cortlands are great for eating fresh and baking. I like how they keep for a long time in the cold storage and I can use them well into the winter months.
CARMEN S on Jan 8, 2020
Replacing tree with scab
JAMES M on Nov 10, 2019
It was suggested as a pollinator for the SnappyMac I ordered. I liked not having to find a pollinator, the work was done for me.
Sylvia B on Oct 25, 2019
again taste means everything
Robert C on Oct 22, 2019
Pollinator for liberty Apple
Chris F on Oct 10, 2019
I would have liked it better if offered on elma 111 rootstock
THOMAS G on Oct 8, 2019
Linda H on Oct 3, 2019
Delicious for pies and apple sauce
William M on Jun 20, 2019
I have had Cortland in the past that I lost in a winter storm and I like the tart taste. great apple
Robert G on Jun 6, 2019
We've always loved Cortland apples because they are so versatile. Great, tart eating apple and wonderful for baking.
Lynn V on Apr 26, 2019
I already have one. Delicious fruit for fresh eating, crisp, with a great balance of sweet and tart. The tree is vigorous and late blooming to avoid late spring frosts.
LasVegasLee on Apr 16, 2019
Description and date of ripening. Organic.
Bruce W on Apr 16, 2019
We like the flavor of these apples.
Richard C on Apr 9, 2019
To pollinate a Honeycrisp apple tree I already planted
Marian D on Apr 7, 2019
Recommended as one of the apples to combine for the best cider
David R on Mar 30, 2019
Baking apple, my friend swears by them so I figured I???d give it a try
Kimberly D on Mar 29, 2019
Best baking apple
Jeffrey C on Mar 26, 2019
Maybe the best all around apple ! Sliced or baked truly delicious !
Gordon R on Mar 24, 2019
Zachary B on Mar 17, 2019
to pollinate the Lodi apple tree
ROYCE S on Mar 4, 2019
It was recommended by Stark as a pollinator.
Patty S on Mar 4, 2019
Good pollinator for Chestnut Crabapple
Martin M on Mar 2, 2019
Red colour and no browning when cut open
LeeAnn Volle L on Mar 2, 2019
Hubby loves cortlands so we are expanding our small orchard.
Ellen S on Mar 1, 2019
It is a pollinator for other trees.
Kirsten H on Feb 23, 2019
Pollinator for Cameron Select Honeycrisp. Good characteristics
Christine F on Mar 26, 2020
My husband's favorite
Sarah P on Mar 24, 2020
This doesn't list the freedom apple as a pollinator, but the Freedom apple lists Cortland as a pollinator? If I buy the Cortland and Freedom, will they pollinate each other? Also, is the Cortland disease resistant at all?
Nola D on Feb 29, 2016
BEST ANSWER: Re Disease resistance - I have a cortland, a red & red delicious, granny smith and a calville blanc. Of all these trees the cortland displays the most resistance to cedar rust and fungal infections, it recovers fastest from infection. It's going on 4 years in the ground and is yet to flower but it's the healthiest apple tree I've got.

Hope that helps
How long does this variety keep/store after harvest?
Karen H on Mar 16, 2016
BEST ANSWER: 3 to 4 months in proper storage.
I buy Cortland apples from local farmers that live in the same county as me, albeit a more rural area. Can I really not grow Cortland's in my zone 7A?
diane g on Oct 18, 2019
BEST ANSWER: Most of the descriptions I see state zone 3-6 but a few say 3-7. Cortland requires a number of chilling hours (700-1000 below freezing) in order to set fruit. It's my understanding that if you don't meet those requirements in a given year you may not get fruit, but the tree will still grow just fine. Hope this helps.
What time of the year do I prune my apple tree?
David K on Sep 24, 2017
BEST ANSWER: I'm not an expert by any means..but in Michigan it is recommended to prune
in early March.
Our apple tree which was six years old went over in a small windstorm. The tree trunk that was in the ground was rotten. What caused this?
Judith C on Jun 23, 2016
It could be a couple things... It could be due to frost if you live in a area that has frost. Or it could be to much water. I was also thinking, but not sure of...could it be the soil?
Just my opinions.
Take care
I live in south Alabama can I grow Cortland apples here ?
Debbie on Jan 26, 2020
BEST ANSWER: ???We appreciate you reaching out to us. Enter your zip code in the My Location section found on our site and we will add a check mark by all varieties that are compatible in your zone. We make ordering easy!

If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us, remember that we're here for you. Have a great day!
Will the Cortland bear fruit in Burlingame, CA, zone 10A?
RICH WELKER on Dec 28, 2019
What trees will pollinate a Cortland Apple Tree and will it pollinate them?
Doree on Oct 27, 2019
BEST ANSWER: Cortland apple trees bloom "Mid-Season" so you would need another Mid-Season bloomer, such as Golden Delicious, Red Delicious, Honeycrisp, etc.
Will you have dwarf Cortland available in spring?
Deborahn73 on Oct 26, 2019
BEST ANSWER: Hi Deborah, I don't think we will have the dwarf size available this spring but please check back around early January to see if our inventory has updated. If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us. Have a great day!
Can I use a McIntosh as a pollinated for cortland?
Micheal D on Oct 10, 2019
BEST ANSWER: Hi Micheal, The Cortland and McIntosh apple trees will pollinate each other. If you have any further questions please don't hesitate to reach back out to us, remember that we're here for you. Have a great day!
When is the best ti plant apple trees?
Tom C on Sep 29, 2019
BEST ANSWER: Thank you for your question. Because weather and soil conditions vary so much from year to year and even within your zone, it's best to think of your planting time as a range of favorable conditions instead of an exact time.

You can plant new plants and trees: 1) when the ground is not frozen, 2) when daytime temperatures are above freezing (32??F) and below 90??F, and 3) when extreme weather (blizzard, hail, torrential rain, etc.) is not in the forecast. Be sure to keep plants watered if you're transplanting in warm and/or dry weather.
Will a Candy Crisp work as pollinator for the Cortland apple?
Larry on May 13, 2019
BEST ANSWER: Cortland is an early bloomer, too early for CandyCrisp.
do the pollinating trees also get pollinated by the other tree?
mikie on Jan 8, 2019
BEST ANSWER: The same variety cannot pollinate itself. You will need another apple variety with a similar bloom time in order for good pollinator to occur.

Also, one species cannot pollinate another; for example, a plum cannot pollinate an apple, and a pear cannot pollinate a peach. A fruit tree that requires a pollinator needs a different variety of the same species that has a similar bloom time.
I have a Granny Smith tree. Will that work as a pollinator for the cortland apple tree?
Robin N on Aug 30, 2017
BEST ANSWER: Cortland blooms too early to pollinate Granny Smith ... there really is no overlap.
Is Cortland a spur producing apple variety or are the fruit formed at the tips of the branches?
Ingrid M on Mar 28, 2017
BEST ANSWER: Cortland is a "regular" apple tree that bears at the branch ends. You can always tell if it's a spur-type tree if you see Starkspur?? in the name.
Will Jon-a-red pollinate the Cortland?
Vina M on May 20, 2016
BEST ANSWER: Yes, those apple varieties will work well together to cross-pollinate and produce fruit.
Will a honeycrisp pollinate a cortland? Your site says a cortland will pollinate a honeycrisp but not vice versa. I see a Carolyn answered this question but I would like to hear from Starks staff before I purchase.
Jerry T on Mar 22, 2020
Can I get my trees shipped later than April 13th. We could still have snow on the ground in Wisconsin?
Pam K on Mar 8, 2020

Customer Reviews

4.2 / 5.0
39 Reviews
5 Stars
4 Stars
3 Stars
2 Stars
1 Star
Cortland Apple
I have a couple of acres and not much room for an orchard. So I could only plant a couple of selections. in the 1950's, as a college student, I worked in my uncle's orchard in eastern Illinois. The Cortland became my favorite. It was just a great eating apple. And many of our customers at the orchard really liked it too. So that is what I picked when for my new mini-orchard. I planted one last spring. It was doing great until last fall a young buck decided to clean his antlers on it and devastated the young tree. I planted another this spring and it's doing well.
May 23, 2016
over 5 years ago
One of my favorite
One of my favorite apples because they are so multi purpose. Great for eating baking freezing frying....
May 16, 2016
over 5 years ago
Cortland supreme dwarf apple tree
Excellent tree. Ordered the supreme dwarf. They don't look like much when you receive them bare root. Essentially looks like a 3-4 foot stick with a couple little 6 inch branches on it. Starkbros professiobal pruning on trees is just that. Planted as directed spring 2016 this tree sprouted vigorous branches and grew about 3 feet in height by fall. Pruned my 4 trees all which were ordered together In late February 2017. Have never done this before so I researched how to do it on starkbros and also other websites. Very easy and quick with a good set of pruners. Was amazed to currently have about 40 blossoms on this tree which I just bought and planted last spring. Excellent product and excellent directions from this company on planting, pruning, and caring for their trees. Will definitely be ordering more only problem is I live in a northeast PA suburb and my yard is only 1/3 of an acre and I don't have the room I wish I had to plant.
May 7, 2017
over 4 years ago
Dwarf Cortland Apple
Healthy tree from start. Did well 1st season. 2nd season, It was full of blossoms. That lead to many apples. Of course, I picked off most but look forward to eating a few nice apples this year and hopefully see another good amount of growth to the tree!
June 1, 2016
over 5 years ago
Great growth
Get the supreme trees, worth the extra money. They take off fast and produce earlier.
June 5, 2017
over 4 years ago
real nice tree
the tree has several apples growing on it this year which is the second year of growth
May 19, 2016
over 5 years ago
Cortland Apple
The Cortland apple that I have is a replacement and was planted several weeks ago, it has leafed out and seems to be doing very well. The early planting did not leaf out this spring, Stark Bros. sent a replacement.
May 27, 2016
over 4 years ago
Cortland Apple
The tree came in very poor condition ...small and weak. It died and when I called to ask about a possible replacement, I was told that I should have called sooner because the replacement was only good for the first year. I had tried to give it a chance to survive and waited until the beginning of the second year to call. I expected better quality and better customer service.
May 17, 2016
over 5 years ago
Courtland is growin nicely!
Courtland is a beautiful little tree at two years old! She leafed out beautifully this year and is right at 7' tall. She did not have any blossoms this spring, but I didn't expect any.
Laurel Bloomery, TN
May 18, 2017
over 4 years ago
stunted growth
other apples in the same orchard thrived but I doubt this will be back next year. limbs never developed beyond 3-4 inches
November 12, 2016
over 4 years ago